REDSTART An Oxfordshire apple that arose around 1950 in an Oxford garden. Dessert and early season, ripening in August, the flesh is crisp, juicy and sweet with a good flavour. Like most early apples it tends to go soft before too long. A very showy apple with crimson streaks which merge to form darker red areas, almost covering the apple. Pale, starry dots appear on some fruit.

Pollination Group 4

 

REDSTREAK Herefordshire Redstreak, Scudamore’s Crab. Once the most famous cider apple and the foundation of the Herefordshire cider industry under Lord Scudamore’s direction. It was valued for its single variety cider. Lord Scudamore was the ambassador to France of Charles I. He retired to cider making when Cromwell took over. It may have arisen as a wild seedling in the early 1600s, but Lindley says Knight believed Scudamore planted the seed, so it could be around 1650. This was the time when Scudamore almost invented the British cider industry, having collected several French varieties. Over the centuries, varieties were ‘improved’ with breeding and Redstreak fell out of favour, to the point where the original is now not to be found here. In 1949 the American collection received it from Long Ashton, Somerset, and we have now received scions back and grafted new trees in 2005. It is a medium sized apple, yellow skinned but red streaked in the shade and more heavily and darker streaked in the sun. USDA describe it as small to medium sized, 50-90% of the skin red, with splashed stripes, round to oblate, with flesh firm and cream coloured. Subacid to acid and astringent. Season September. Historical descriptions say the trees are small, of irregular and sparse growth. Ours have not reached that stage yet. Spur bearing. Attractive blossom. **

Pollination Group 6

 

REINETTE CLOCHARD A French, late, dual-purpose apple known since the mid nineteenth century. Firm flesh, with a very rich flavour, which keeps its shape when cooked. When fully ripe and stored it is a sweet and aromatic dessert. Pick October and store until February. Good crops. The trees have a good spreading habit. T.

Pollination Group 4

 

REINETTE DU CANADA A dual purpose apple, which despite its name would seem to be European. First mentioned in Britain in 1771, and grown all over Europe and North America by the early 19th century. Greenish-gold apples with an orange flush and russeting; the flesh is sweet and fruity and keeps its shape when cooked. Strong-growing trees, which have attractive blossom and crop reliably. The fruit is ready to pick in mid October, and stores well until March. The apples can be really quite large if grown in restricted forms. T.

Pollination Group 4

 

REINETTE MARBRÉE The ‘Marbled Reinette’ is named from the pretty veining of russet that covers the apple. It was first recorded in 1760 by the Dutch pomologist, Knoop, and was believed to be Dutch, but its history has been confused, having also been assumed the same as several other apples including Embroidered Pippin and Drap D’Or. It was possibly in the 1826 collection of the LHS under one or more synonyms. A late dessert apple, rounded and of dull green, becoming yellow, sometimes flushed with a little red and covered with broken lines and dots of russet. The flesh is firm, sweet, not particularly acid, fragrant and rich. Ripe in October, it will store into the New Year and has also been used for cooking and juicing.

Pollination Group 4

 

 

REINETTE ROUGE ÉTOILÉE Originally Belgian or Dutch, and first described in 1830. A highly coloured, very showy, late dessert apple, with a deep red skin and star-shaped russet freckles - hence the name ‘Étoilée’, or ‘Starred’. The fruit has a delicious raspberry flavour, with juicy, crisp, white flesh which is often streaked with carmine and stained pink beneath the skin. The fruit will store until January. Heavy crops on upright, part tip bearing trees with pretty blossom.

Pollination Group 5

 

RENAISSANCE An old, now unknown variety brought to us by Geoff Goodchild of Hughenden Valley, Buckinghamshire, a ‘countryman’ who knows his apples. For many years, a collector of interesting old fruits, he had this from Chalet Nursery at Speen, Buckinghamshire after the nursery disappeared under housing in the 1960s and the origin and original name were never known, by Mr Goodchild. Aware of it being such a superior apple, he sought the name without success, and we have compared it with thousands, without a match. Hence, we have renamed it ‘Renaissance’ in the sense of ‘reborn’. It is medium sized, round and conical to oblong, with skin of pale yellow, when fully ripe, with a pale, carmine to pink flush and a few thin streaks of darker red. The flesh is a near perfect combination of sweetness, crispness, juiciness, acidity and flavour. The apples are so full of juice, it leaps out, when cut. Ripe in October, it will last in good condition for a month or two. We are very grateful to Geoff Goodchild for this apple and other contributions to our work.*

Pollination Group ?

 

REVEREND W. WILKS A valued apple, raised in 1904 by Veitch's nursery, King's Road, Chelsea, and named after the vicar of Shirley, Surrey and secretary of the R.H.S. from 1888-1919. Incidentally, he was also the raiser of Shirley Poppies. The apple was actually raised at Veitch’s nursery in Middle Green, Buckinghamshire, later to become Allgrove’s nursery. It is thought to be a cross between Peasgood’s Nonsuch and Ribston Pippin. A large, sweet, early to middle culinary apple, good for baking and for purée, when it needs very little sugar. Sometimes said by professional cooks to be the best cooking apple of all. Fruits can often weigh over 2 pounds each. Attractive blossom, moderate vigour and good crops.

Pollination Group 2

 

RIBSTON PIPPIN The famous Ribston Pippin was raised at Ribston Hall, near Knaresborough in Yorkshire, from a seed (the only one of three pips to germinate) brought from Rouen in France and planted by Sir Henry Goodricke, around 1707. If the Aldby Park archive, sent to us by Louise Wickham (for which our thanks) is of the age that it appears, then the original and correct name should be ‘Ribston Park Apple’. Ribston Pippin was listed in 1769 by William Perfect, of Pontefract, and was universally acclaimed by the early 1800s. The fruit is conical, golden and slightly flushed red, with fine russeting. The flesh is deep cream, firm and juicy, with an intensely rich and aromatic flavour. It was much valued by the Victorians and widely grown in England throughout the 19th century. It was also very popular in Sweden and North America. An upright tree, with good blossom. It is ready to pick in late September, and will store until January. It is said to have six times more vitamin C than a Golden Delicious and reckoned to the highest of any apple, a few years ago. Free spur bearing. T.

Pollination Group 3

 

RIVERS’ EARLY PEACH An early dessert apple, raised and introduced by Thomas Rivers in 1893. Flattened conical apples with creamy yellow skin and a faint red flush; the firm flesh is white, sweet and aromatic. Vigorous upright trees. Ready in August and not keeping long.

Pollination Group 2