KINGSBURY PRIORY APPLE Sent to us by Mark Scott. The tree is his neighbours, Jack and May Kingsbury, at Priory Green in Suffolk. Their house is 400 years old. The two properties are both within the grounds of the former ancient priory/monastery and the tree is within the area of the former monastery garden. The tree was old 60 years ago, when it fell over and sent up a new trunk. It is possible that this could be one of the old ‘Sops In Wine’ varieties, dating from before 1629, but it is not the same as those currently known in the collections at Wisley and Brogdale. The name comes from the red-stained flesh or possibly the light dots on the red skin. Ripe in September and storing until November, with skin of dark plum/maroon and dusted with a bloom, with prominent light spots. The pink flesh only whitens inside the core line. The flesh is sweet, firm and juicy, with a rich flavour. * Pollination Group 3




KINGSTON BLACK A bittersharp cider apple used for vintage cider and probably named after the village of Kingston St. Mary, in Somerset. It was first recorded in the 1826 catalogue of the London Horticultural Society. Small, very dark maroon apples, which are sometimes almost black. The cider was also darkened by it. It became very popular, supposedly producing the champagne of ciders, and was once planted all over mid Somerset. Middle flowering and ripe in mid-November. It doesn’t keep. Some consider it a tasty eating apple if caught right, but it can become dry and woolly. Pollination Group 4


KIRK’S SEEDLING There was a Kirke’s Seedling (sometimes spelt Kirk’s Seedling) predating 1810 and also a Kirk’s Seedling which possibly originated with Kirk of Derby, who exhibited it in 1900, according to an account in the Journal of the Royal Horticultural Society. The latter is a middle-season apple but no more is known. The former is a large late season dessert apple, briefly described by Forsyth. Both have been ‘lost’ for some time. We discovered a Kirk’s Seedling in the Grove Research Station collection and, with their help, reintroduced it to Britain in 2005, but remain uncertain as to which it might be. It is nevertheless a good and attractive apple. So far the apples on young trees are medium sized, regular and round, ripe in late September to early October, prettily flushed and striped with rich red, over a pale yellow skin and with a light bloom. The flesh is sweet and slightly sharp, crisp and juicy. The skin has a strawberry scent. The flesh does not discolour when cut. It can be cooked and keeps its shape. It needs no sugar and is tangy and rich. **

Pollination Group 4






KNOBBY RUSSET It originally came from Sussex and was introduced in 1820. Its chief interest is that the heavily russeted skin is covered with knobs or warts, giving it a very strange and eye catching appearance. The flesh is cream, crisp, with a sweet, rich flavour. The fruit ripens late, and stores until March. Deep pink blossom buds.

Pollination Group 2












KNOTTED KERNEL An old Somerset cider variety believed lost to Britain but rediscovered by us in New Zealand and reintroduced in 2007. It is among a list of cider varieties grown by Dr Trevor Fitzjohn, a British radiologist who emigrated to New Zealand in 1986. He collected cider varieties locally and is now producing cider as a hobby, in increasing quantities. He acquired several varieties from an Englishman who brought several cider varieties to New Zealand in the 1960s. His list was sent to us by Linda Blenkinship, of the National Orchard Forum, and we noticed that two of the varieties were no longer known to exist in Britain - Knotted Kernel and Royal Wilding. Trevor Fitzjohn kindly sent scions to us in 2006 and several trees were grafted here. Two other lost varieties are Knott’s Kernel and Knotted Norman and the relationship between the three is unclear, since none have been adequately described. The National Collection had a Knotted Kernel but this, along with many other varieties, has recently been removed, so comparison will be impossible. The first reference to it was in the catalogue of the London Horticultural Society in 1842. Our thanks go to Trevor Fitzjohn for returning it, along with Royal Wilding. We have since heard that it is still being used for commercial cider making in England, though we have not yet compared the two apples. ** Pollination Group 4



KOROBOVKA Synonym Cardinal. A Russian apple introduced to England under the name Peter the Great, about 1880. It is still often known in the West by the name of Cardinal. An early dessert apple with creamy white skin, flushed pink and with red stripes. Flesh is soft, juicy, very sweet and intensely flavoured. The apples are ripe in August and do not store. Good crops. Not to be confused with two other apples named Cardinal.

Pollination Group 3






LADY HENNIKER Discovered about 1840, raised from a pip found in cider must, and introduced by John Perkins, Lord Henniker's gardener at Thornham Hall, near Eye, Suffolk. Large, greenish-yellow fruit usually with impressive red streaks. Popular for dessert and for cooking, with creamy flesh which will keep its shape if lightly cooked but will mash to a well-flavoured purée, without the need for sugar. Keeps until January. Spreading trees, once popular for their good crops and decorative appearance. T*.

Pollination Group 4



LADY SUDELEY Syn. Jacob's Strawberry. Originally named after the farm bailiff, Mr Jacobs of Petworth, Sussex, who introduced it in 1849, but subsequently Bunyard, the fruit nurseryman, saw a dish of the fruit at a show and was so impressed by its striking appearance that he immediately bought some scion wood. He then renamed it after the wife of his favourite customer, saying that it reminded him of one of the dresses which she wore at court. Once widely grown in Kent, Sussex and Cornwall. Medium sized, golden fruit, with prominent deep red streaks, and aromatic flesh. The trees are very decorative. Ripe in September, it does not store for long. Part tip bearing.

Pollination Group 4



LADY’S DELIGHT Sent to us by Hilary Wilson, fruit enthusiast and conservationist of Appleby-in-Westmorland . It was first recorded in 1851. Hogg said in 1884 that it was highly esteemed around Lancaster where it was widely grown. It is a medium sized apple, with skin of smooth greenish yellow, and a warm red blush and some stripes. In some years it will go almost fully red. The flesh is crisp, juicy, aromatic and sweet with a pleasing tang. A dessert apple which also cooks well. Ripe in October, it will keep for a while. The tree has an arching habit. T*.

Pollination Group 5





LADY'S FINGER OF HEREFORD The trees sold by us under this name up to 2015 are not true to name and are actually Black Gilliflower. An full account of the confusion is written under Black Gilliflower. We were given cuttings with the name of Lady’s Finger of Hereford after a bit of careless naming by others, but have subsequently found that it is identical to the Black Gilliflower that we have had here for some years. At the same time we have grown the true Lady’s Finger of Hereford from scions we were given by John and Helen Hempsall. The fruit of this is fully in accord with early descriptions and we have no doubt, after years of observation, that it is the true variety. It is a very old apple, but its first recorded mention is from Dr Robert Hogg in 1884. A small, elongated and conical apple with yellow skin, streaked and sometimes more fully covered with red. Ripe in October, the flesh is yellow, dryish, sweet and not of the quality that makes a good eating apple. The use is probably limited to cider. Pollination Group 4


A culinary apple known since 1824, though probably much older, and commonly grown in Lancashire and the Midlands in the 1920's. A full-flavoured, firm apple which keeps its shape when cooked. The shape is variable from long to flattened conic and the skin is green/yellow with bright stripes. Stores until January. This is the supposed true variety from the National Collection and not the Youle accession in the National Collection.

Pollination Group 6